WORLD GK I: MAJOR  LAKES  OF  THE  WORLD

Largest Lake Caspian Sea Highest Lake Lake Titicaca
Largest saline water lake Caspian Sea Deepest Lake Lake Baikal
Largest fresh water lake Lake superior India’s largest lake Chilika lake

 

WORLD GK II : IMPORTANT  LAKES  OF  THE  WORLD

       LAKE          LOCATION      AREA (SQ. KM.)
Caspian Russia and CIS 371000
Superior Canada and USA 82414
Victoria Tanzania (Africa) 69485
Huron Canada and USA 59596
Michigan USA 58016
Tanganyika Africa 32892
Baikal Russia (CIS) 31502
Great Bear Canada 31080
Aral Russia (CIS) 30700
Great Slave Canada 28438

 

WORLD GK III : CONTINENTS  OF  THE  WORLD

Continents Area (sq. km.) Continents Area (sq. km.)
Asia 41667920 Antarctica 14245000
Africa 29800540 Europe 9699550
North America 24320000 Australia 7687120
South America 17599050    

 

WORLD GK IV : OCEANS  OF  THE  WORLD

Names Area (sq. km.) Greatest Depth
Pacific 166,240000 Mariana Trench
Atlantic 86,560000 Puerto Rico Trench
Indian 73430000 Java Trench
Arctic 13230000 ——
Mariana Trench

Mariana Trench is the deepest point on the planet.

WORLD GK V : MAJOR  MOUNTAIN  PEAKS  OF  THE  WORLD

Mountain peaks Location Heights (m) Mountain peaks Location Heights (m)
Everest Nepal 8,848 Cho Oyu Nepal 8,153
K2(Godwin Austin) India 8,611 Nanga Parbat India 8,126
Kanchanjanga India 8,598 Hidden peak India 8,068
Makalu Nepal-China 8,481 Annapurna Nepal 8,078
Dhaulagiri Nepal 8,172 Nandadevi India 7,813

 

WORLD GK VI : IMPORTANT  DESERTS

Sahara N. Africa (includes the Libyan and the Nubian Desert)
Australian Australia (includes Gibson, Simpson, Victorian, Great Sandy)
Arabian Arab Countries (includes Rub’al Khali & An-Nafad of S.Arabia and Dast-e-Lut & Dast-e-Kavir of Iran)
Kalahari Africa (mainly in Botswana)
Gobi Mongolia
Atacama Central Chile
Patagonian Argentina
Namib Namibia
Takla Makan Sinkiang, China
Karakum Turkmenistan
Sonoran Arizona and California (USA)
Thar India
Sahara Desert

Sahara Desert

WORLD GK VII : MAJOR  GULFS  OF  THE  WORLD

Names Area (sq. km.) Names Area (sq. km.)
Gulf of Mexico 15,44,000 Gulf of St. Lawrence 2,37,000
Gulf of Hudson 12,33,000 Gulf of California 1,62,000
Arabian gulf 2,38,000 English Channel 89,900

 

WORLD GK VIII : MAJOR  PENINSULAS  OF  THE  WORLD

Peninsulas Areas (sq. km.) Peninsulas Areas (sq. km.)
Arabia 32,50,000 Labrador 13,00,000
Southern India 20,72,000 Scandinavia 8,00,000
Alaska 15,00,000 Iberian 584,000

 

WORLD GK IX : MAJOR  MOUNTAIN  RANGES  OF  THE  WORLD 

RANGE LOCATION LENGTH  (KM.)
Andes South America 7,200
Himalayas-Karakoram-Hindkush South Central Asia 5,000
Rockies North America 4,800
Great Dividing Range East Australia 3,600
Atlas North West Africa 1,930
Western Ghats Western India 1,610
Caucasus Europe 1,200
Alaska USA 1,130
Alps Europe 1,050
Andes Mountain Range

Andes Mountain Range in South America

WORLD GK X : IMPORTANT  CITIES  ON  THE  RIVER  BANKS  (WORLD)

CITY COUNTRY RIVER
Adelaide Australia Torrens
Amsterdam Netherlands Amsel
Alexandria Egypt Nile
Ankara Turkey  Kazil
Bangkok Thailand Chao Praya
Basra Iraq Euphrates and Tigris
Baghdad Iraq Tigris
Berlin Germany Spree
Bonn Germany Rhine
Budapest Hungary Danube
Bristol UK Avon
Buenos Aires Argentina Laplata
Chittagong Bangladesh Majyani
Canton China Si-Kiang
Cairo Egypt Nile
Chung King China Yang-tse-king
Cologne  Germany Rhine
Dandzing Germany Vistula
Dresden Germany Elbe
Dublin Ireland Liffy
Hamburg Germany Elbe
Kabul Afghanistan Kabul
Karachi Pakistan Indus
Khartoum Sudan Confluence of blue & white Nile
Lahore Pakistan Ravi
Leningrad Russia Neva
Lisbon Portugal Tagus
Liverpool England Messey
London England Thames
Moscow Russia Moskva
Montreal Canada St. Lawrence
Nanking China Yang- tse-kiang
New Orleans U.S.A Mississippi
New York U.S.A Hudson
Ottawa Canada Ottawa
Paris France Seine
Philadelphia U.S.A Delaware
Perth Australia Swan
Prague Czech  Republic Vitava
Quebec Canada St. Lawrence
Rome Italy Tiber
Rotterdam The Netherlands New Mass
Stalingrad Russia Volga
Shanghai China Yang-tse-kiang
Sidney Australia Darling
Saint Luis U.S.A Mississippi
Tokyo Japan Arakava
Vienna Austria Danube
Warsaw Poland Vistula
Washington D. C. U.S.A Potomac
Yangoon Myanmar Irrawaddy

 

WORLD GK XI : ISLANDS

  • In decreasing order of size : Greenland, New Guinea, Borneo, Madagascar, Baffin, etc.
  • Largest river island in Majuli (Assam).
  • Most populated island is in Java (Indonesia)
  • Largest island of India is Middle Andaman.

 

WORLD GK XII : SMALLEST  AND  BIGGEST  COUNTRIES 

Biggest Nations

(area- wise )

Biggest Nations

(population-wise)

Smallest Nations

(area- wise)

smallest Nations

(population-wise)

Russia China Vatican City Vatican City
Canada India Monaco Nauru
USA USA Nauru Tuvalu
China Indonesia Tuvalu Palau
Brazil Brazil San Marino Monaco
Australia Pakistan Liechtenstein San Marino
India Bangladesh Marshall Islands Liechtenstein
Argentina Nigeria Saint Kitts and Nevis  Saint Kitts and Nevis
Kazakhstan Russia Maldives Antigua and Barbados
Algeria Japan Malta Seychelles

 

WORLD GK XIII : FOREIGN  TOWNS  ASSOCIATED  WITH  INDUSTRIES 

Town (Country) Associated industry
Baku (Azerbaijan) Petroleum
Bangkok (Thailand) Ship building
Belfast (Ireland) Ship building
Buenos Aires (Argentina)  Meat
Cadiz (Portugal ) Cork
Chicago (U.S.A) Agriculture implements, Meat
Cologne (Germany) Cotton and woollen industries
Dhaka (Bangladesh) Jute
Detroit (U.S.A) Motor cars
Dresden (Germany) Optical and photographic apparatus
Glasgow (Great Britain) Machinery
Havana (Cuba) Tobacco, Cigars
Hollywood (U.S.A) Film Industry
Johannesburg (S. Africa) Gold Mines
Kimberley (S. Africa) Diamond mining
Leeds (England) Woollen goods
Lyons (France) Silk industries
Manchester (England) Cotton industry
Mauritius (Indian Oceans) Fishing, Shipping, Sugar
Milan (Italy) Silk
Morocco (North Africa) Leather
Munich (Germany) Lenses
New Orleans (U.S.A) Cotton industry
Osaka (Japan) Cotton fabrics
Pittsburgh (U.S.A) Iron and Steel
Plymouth (England) Ship-building
Sheffield (England) Cutlery
Venice (Italy) Glass manufacturing
Vienna (Austria) Glass manufacturing
Wellington (New Zealand) Dairy product

 

WORLD GK XIV : WORLD’S  GEOGRAPHICAL  SURNAMES

Calcutta, the City of Palaces

Calcutta, the City of Palaces

Surname Name Surname Name
Bengal’s sorrow  Damodar River Key to the Mediterranean Gibraltar
Blue Mountains Nilgiri Hills  Land of Cakes Scotland
City of sky-scrapers New York Land of Golden Fleece Australia
City of Seven Hills  Rome Land of Maple Leaf Canada
City of Dreaming Spires Oxford Land of Morning Calm Korea
City of Palaces Kolkata Land of Midnight Sun Norway
City of Golden Gate  San Francisco Land of the Thousand lakes Finland
City of Magnificent buildings Washington D.C. Land of Thunderbolt Bhutan
City of Eternal Springs  Quito (S. America) Land of white Elephant Thailand
China’s Sorrow Huang Ho Land of five Rivers  Punjab
Cockpit of Europe Belgium Land of thousand Elephants Laos
Dark Continent Africa Land of Rising Sun Japan
Emerald Isle Ireland Loneliest Island Tristan de Gunah (mid-Atlantic)
Eternal city Rome Manchester of Japan Osaka
Empire city New York Pillars of Hercules Strait of Gibraltar
Forbidden city Lhasa (Tibet) Pearl of the Antilles Cuba
Garden city Chicago Playground of Europe Switzerland
Gate of Tears Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb Quaker City Philadelphia
Gateway of India Mumbai Queen of the Adriatic Venice
Gift of the Nile Egypt Roof of the World The Pamirs, central Asia (Tibet)
Granite City Aberdeen (Scotland) Rose pink city Jaipur
Hermit kingdom Korea Sugar bowl of the World Cuba
Herring pond Atlantic Ocean Venice of the North Stockholm
Holy Land Jerusalem Windy city Chicago
Island Continent Australia Whiteman’s grave Guinea coast of Africa
Island of Cloves Zanzibar Yellow River Huang Ho (China)
Isle of pearls Bahrain (Persian Gulf)     

    

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