The names that we use to refer to things and beings around us are not the same as the names used in the scientific community. Often derived from Greek, Latin or other foreign languages scientific names can be a tad bit difficult to keep in mind. This is precisely why you should be prepared with them for CLAT! Remember that the scientific name will change depending on the species and genus. Therefore be careful and keep in mind the specific kind while answering questions about scientific names.

Animals

  1. Common name: Cat

Scientific name: Felis catus

 

  1. Common name: Dog

Scientific name:  Canis familiaris

 

  1. Common name: Horse

Scientific name: Equus caballus

 

  1. Common name: Cow

Scientific name: Bos Taurus

 

  1. Common name: Goat

Scientific name: Capra aegagrus hircus

 

  1. Common name: Pig

Scientific name: Sus scrofa domesticus

 

  1. Common name: Rabbit

Scientific name: Oryctolagus cuniculus

 

  1. Common name: Common Zebra

Scientific name: Equus quagga

 

  1. Common name: Red fox

Scientific name: Vulpes vulpes

 

  1. Common name: Lion

Scientific name: Panthera leo

 

  1. Common name: Tiger

Scientific name: Panthera tigris

 

  1. Common name: Brown Bear

Scientific name: Ursus arctos

 

  1. Common name: African Elephant

Scientific name:  Loxodonta

 

  1. Common name: Arabian Camel

Scientific name: Camelus dromedaries

 

  1. Common name: Sheep

Scientific name: Ovis aries

 

  1. Common name: Grey wolf

Scientific name: Canis lupus

 

  1. Common name: Giraffe

Scientific name: Giraffa camelopardalis

 

  1. Common name: Brown Rat

Scientific name: Rattus norvegicus

 

  1. Common name: Donkey

Scientific name: Equus africanus asinus

 

  1. Common name: Red Kangaroo

Scientific name: Macropus rufus

 

Birds

  1. Common name: Pigeon

Scientific name: Columbia livia

 

  1. Common name: Owl

Scientific name: Strigidae

 

  1. Common name: Peacock

Scientific name: Pavo cristatus

 

  1. Common name: Bee Hummingbird

Scientific name: Mellisuga helenae

 

  1. Common name: Common Cuckoo

Scientific name: Cuculus canorus

 

  1. Common name: Domestic duck

Scientific name: Anas platyrhynchos domesticus

 

  1. Common name: Common Moorhen

Scientific name: Gallinula chloropus

 

  1. Common name: Little Spotted Kiwi

Scientific name: Apteryx owenii

 

  1. Common name: Canada Goose

Scientific name: Branta Canadensis

 

  1. Common name: House Crow

Scientific name: Corvus splendens

 

  1. Common name: Penguin

Scientific name: Spheniscidae

 

  1. Common name: Great White Pelican

Scientific name: Pelecanus onocrotalus

 

  1. Common name: Greater Flamingo

Scientific name: Phoenicopterus roseus

 

  1. Common name: Bald Eagle

Scientific name: Haliaeetus leucocephalus

 

  1. Common name: Black Vulture

Scientific name: Coragyps atratus

 

Insects

  1. Common name: Honey bee

Scientific name: Apis mellifera

 

  1. Common name: Fire Ant

Scientific name: Solenopsis

 

  1. Common name: Common Butterfly

Scientific name: Rhopalocera

 

  1. Common name: Housefly

Scientific name: Musca domestica

 

  1. Common name: Common House Spider

Scientific name: Parasteatoda tepidariorum

 

  1. Common name: Asian Cockroach

Scientific name: Blattella asahinai

 

  1. Common name: Mosquito

Scientific name: Culicidae

 

  1. Common name: Seven spotted Ladybird

Scientific name: Coccinella septempunctata

 

  1. Common name: Firefly

Scientific name: Lampyridae

 

  1. Common name: Grasshopper

Scientific name: Caelifera

 

  1. Common name: House Cricket

Scientific name: Acheta domesticus

 

  1. Common name: Beetle

Scientific name: Coleoptera

 

  1. Common name: Earwig

Scientific name: Dermaptera

 

  1. Common name: Human Flea

Scientific name: Pulex irritans

 

  1. Common name: Silkworm

Scientific name: Bombyx mori

 

Plants

  1. Common name: Neem

Scientific name: Azadirachta indica

 

  1. Common name: Rose

Scientific name: Rosa (virginiana/multiflora)

 

  1. Common name: Mango

Scientific name: Mangifera indica

 

  1. Common name: Bamboo

Scientific name: Bambuseae

 

  1. Common name: Coconut

Scientific name: Cocos nucifera

 

  1. Common name: Fennel

Scientific name: Quercus canariensis

 

  1. Common name: Lavender

Scientific name: Lavandula

 

  1. Common name: Mulberry

Scientific name: Morus (rubra/alba)

 

  1. Common name: Algerian Oak

Scientific name: Quercus canariensis

 

  1. Common name: Peach

Scientific name: Prunus persica

 

  1. Common name: Poison Ivy

Scientific name: Toxicodendron radicans

 

  1. Common name: Asian Rice

Scientific name: Oryza sativa

 

  1. Common name: Sunflower

Scientific name: Helianthus annuus

 

  1. Common name: Tea

Scientific name: Camellia sinensis

 

  1. Common name: Tomato

Scientific name: Solanum lycopersicum

 

  1. Common name: California Walnut

Scientific name: Juglans californica

 

  1. Common name: Coyote Willow

Scientific name: Salix exigua

 

  1. Common name: Tulsi (Holy Basil)

Scientific name: Ocimum tenuiflorum (Also Ocimum sanctum)

 

Elements and Compounds

  1. Common name: Baking soda

Scientific name: Sodium Bicarbonate

 

  1. Common name: Common Salt

Scientific name: Sodium Chloride

 

  1. Common name: Epsom Salt

Scientific name: Magnesium Sulphate Heptahydrate

 

  1. Common name: Milk of Magnesia

Scientific name: Magnesium Hydroxide

 

  1. Common name: Oil of Vitriol

Scientific name: Sulphuric Acid

 

  1. Common name: Quicksilver

Scientific name: Mercury

 

  1. Common name: Marble

Scientific name: Calcium Carbonate

 

  1. Common name: Saltpeter

Scientific name: Potassium Nitrate

 

  1. Common name: Laughing Gas

Scientific name: Dinitrogen Monoxide

 

  1. Common name: Graphite

Scientific name: Carbon

 

  1. Common name: Lime

Scientific name: Calcium Oxide

 

  1. Common name: Slaked Lime

Scientific name: Calcium Hydroxide

 

  1. Common name: Rubbing Alcohol

Scientific name: Isopropyl Alcohol

 

  1. Common name: Muriatic Acid

Scientific name: Hydrochloric Acid

 

  1. Common name: Wood Alcohol

Scientific name: Methyl Alcohol

 

  1. Common name: Washing Soda

Scientific name: Sodium Carbonate

 

  1. Common name: Gypsum

Scientific name: Calcium Sulphate Dihydrate

 

  1. Common name: Cream of Tartar

Scientific name: Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate

 

  1. Common name: Vinegar

Scientific name: Acetic Acid

 

  1. Common name: Plaster of Paris

Scientific name: Calcium Sulphate Hemihydrate

 

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