PRESIDENT

Indian Presidents

List of our Presidents so far, till Pranab Mukherjee

Qualifications Must be a citizen of India.

Completed 35 yrs in age.

Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha.

Must not hold any Government post.

Exceptions :

 – President& Vice- President.

 – Governor of any State.

 – Minister of Union OR State.

Election Indirectly elected through ‘Electoral College’ consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament & elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States (No nominated members).

Security deposit – 15,000/-

Supreme Court inquires all disputes regarding President’s election.

Takes OATH in presence of Chief Justice of India, or in his absence, senior most Judge of Supreme Court.

Term & Emoluments 5 year term.

Article 57 says that there is no upper limits on the number of times a person can become President.

Can give resignation to the Vice-President before full-Term.

Present Salary- Rs. 1, 50, 000/month (including allowances & emoluments).

Impeachment Quasi-judicial procedure.

Can be impeached only on the ground of violation of Constitution.

The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either House of the Parliament.

Vacancy In case the office falls vacant due to death, resignation or removal, the Vice-President acts as President if he is not available then Chief Justice, if not then senior-most judge of the Supreme Court shall act as the President of India.

The election is to be held within 6 months of the vacancy. 

powers Appoints PM, Ministers, Chief Justice & judges of Supreme Court & High Courts, Chairman & Members of the UPSC, Comptroller and Auditor General, Attorney General, Chief Election Commissioner and other members of Election Commission, Governors, Members of Finance Commission, Ambassadors, etc.

Can summon & prorogue the sessions of the 2 houses & can dissolve Lok Sabha.

Appoints Finance Commission (after every 5 years) that recommends distribution of taxes between Union & State Governments.

Appoints the Chief Justice and the Judges of The Supreme Court and High Courts.

The President can promulgate 3 types of Emergencies :

National Emergency – Article 352

State Emergency (President’s Rule) – Article 356

Financial Emergency – Article 360

He is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Forces of India.

President appoints Chiefs of Army, Navy & Air Force.

Declares Wars & concludes peace subject to the approval of the Parliament.        

PRESIDENTS   OF   INDIA

Name                                                           From                                  To
Dr. Rajendra Prasad                                26.01.1950                         13.05.1962
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan                               13.05.1962                        13.05.1967
Dr. Zakir Hussain                                      13.05.1967                        03.05.1969
V. V. Giri  (Vice-President)                      03.05.1969                        20.07.1969
Justice M. Hidayatullah                          20.07.1969                        24.08.1969
V. V. Giri                                                    24.08.1969                        24.08.1974
F. Ali Ahmed                                             24.08.1974                        11.02.1977
B. D.Jatti                                                   11.02.1977                         25.07.1977
N. Sanjiva Reddy                                     25.07.1977                         25.07.1982
Gaini Jail Singh                                        25.07.1982                         25.07.1987
R. Venkataraman                                    25.07.1987                        25.07.1992
Dr.S.D.Sharma                                         25.07.1992                        25.07.1997
K.R.Narayanan                                        25.07.1997                         25.07.2002
Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam                             25.07.2002                         25.07.2007
Mrs.Pratibha Patil                                  25.07.2007                         25.07.2012
Pranab Mukherji                                    25.07.2012                          Till Date

VICE – PRESIDENT

Election Elected by both (Electoral College) in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and the vote being secret. Nominated members also participate in his election.
  The Supreme court has the final and exclusive jurisdiction for resolving disputes and doubts relating to the election of the Vice-President.

          

Criteria Citizen of India.

More than 35 years of age.

Possess the qualification for membership of Rajya Sabha.

Not hold any office of profit under Union, State or local authority. However, for this purpose, the president, Vice-President, Governor of a State and a Minister of the Union or a State, are not held to be holding an office of profit.

 

Other Points Holds office for 5 years. Can be re-elected.

Term can be cut short if he resigns or by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by a majority of all the members of the Rajya Sabha and agreed to by the Lok Sabha.

He is  the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Since he is not a member of Rajya Sabha , he has no right to vote.

Being the  Vice-President of India he is not entitled for any salary, but he is entitled to the salary and allowances payable to the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

All bills, resolution, motion can be taken in Rajya Sabha after his consent.

Can discharge the function of the President if the post falls vacant (For maximum 6 months).

When he discharges the function of the President, the Vice-President, shall not perform the duties of the office of the Chairman of Rajya Sabha and shall not be entitled to receive the salary of the Chairman. During this period, he is entitled for the salary and privileges of the President of India.

Present salary is Rs.1,25,000/- per month.

VICE – PRESIDENTS OF INDIA

Name From To Name From To
Dr.Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan 1952 1962 S.Venkataraman 1984 1987
Dr.Zakir Hussain 1962 1967 Dr.Shankar Dayal Sharma 1987 1992
V. V. Giri 1967 1969 K. R. Narayanan 1992 1977
Bal Swaroop Pathak 1969 1974 Krishan Kant 1997 2002
Dr.M.Jattl 1974 1979 Bhairon Singh Shekhawat 2002 2007
Justic Mohd. Hidayatullah 1979 1984 Hamid Ansari 2007 Till date


PRIME MINISTER

Prime Ministers

List of our Prime Ministers

Eligibility Must be citizen of India

Must be a member of Lok Sabha. If he is not a member of either House, he must become a member of either of the House within six months.

Above 25 years of age (if a Lok Sabha member) or 30 years of age (if Rajya Sabha member).

Must not hold any office of profit under the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments. 

 

Powers Real executive authority.

He is the ex-officio Chairman of the Planning Commission, National Development Council, National Integration Council and Inter-state Council.

The President convenes and prorogues all session of Parliament in consultation with him.

Can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha before expiry.

Appoints the President in appointment of all high officials.

Can recommend to the President to declare emergency on grounds of war, external aggression or armed rebellion.

Advises President about President’s Rule in the state or emergency due to financial instability.

Leader of the House.  

 

PRIME MINISTERS OF INDIA

Name From To
Jawahar Lal Nehru 15.08.1947 27.05.1964
Gulzari Lal Nanda 27.05.1964 09.06.1964
Lal Bahadur Shastri 09.06.1964 11.01.1966
Gulzari Lal Nanda 11.01.1966 24.01.1966
Indira Gandhi 24.01.1966 24.03.1977
Morarji Desai 24.03.1977 28.07.1979
Charan Singh 28.07.1979 14.01.1980
Indira Gandhi 14.01.1980 31.10.1984
Rajiv Gandhi 31.10.1984 01.12.1989
V. P. Singh 01.12.1989 10.11.1990
Chandra Shekhar 10.11.1990 21.06.1991
P. V. Narsimha Rao 21.06.1991 16.05.1996
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 16.05.1996 01.06.1996
H. D. Deve Gowda 01.06.1996 21.04.1997
L. K. Gujral 21.04.1997 19.03.1998
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 19.03.1998 13.10.1999
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 13.10.1999 22.05.2004
Dr. Manmohan Singh 22.05.2004 26.05.2014
Narendra Modi 26.05.2014 Till date


PARLIAMENT OF INDIA

LOK SABHA Maximum strength – 550 + 2 nominated members.

(530 – States / 20 – Union Territories)

Present strength of Lok Sabha – 545.

The Eighty Fourth Amendment, 2001, extended freeze on Lok Sabha and State Assembly seats till 2026.

The normal tenure of the Lok Sabha is five years, but it may be dissolved earlier by the President. The life of the Lok Sabha can be extended by the Parliament beyond the five year term, when a proclamation of emergency under Article 352 is in force.

But the Parliament cannot extend the normal life of the Lok Sabha for more than one year at a time (no limit on the number of times in the Constitution).

The candidate must be:

(a) Citizen of India

(b) At least 25 years of age.

(c) Must not hold any office of profit. 

(d) No unsound mind / insolvent.

(e) Has registered as voter in any Parliamentary constituency.

Oath of MPs is conducted by Speaker. Can resign, by writing to Speaker.

Presiding officer is Speaker (In his absence Deputy Speaker). The members among themselves elect him.

The Speaker continues in office even after the dissolution of the Lok Sabha till a newly elected Lok Sabha meets.

Usually the Speaker, after his election cuts-off all connection with his party & acts in an impartial manner. He does not vote in the first instance, but exercises his casting vote only to remove a deadlock.

Charges his salary from Consolidated Fund of India.

Speaker sends his resignation to deputy Speaker.

The majority of the total membership can remove Speaker after giving a 14 days notice (During this, time he doesn’t preside over the meetings). After his removal, continues in office till successor takes charge.  

 

 

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