A priori From the antecedent to the consequent.
Ab initio From the beginning.
Action mixta Mixed action.
Actio personalis moritur cum persona A personal right of action dies with the person.
Actionable per se The very act is punishable and no proof of damage is required.
Actus Curiae Neminem Gravabit Act of the Court shall prejudice no one.
Actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea An act does not make a man guilty unless there be guilty intention.
Actus reus Wrongful act.
Ad hoc For the particular end or case at hand.
Ad idem At the same point.
Ad valorem According to the value.
Aliunde From another source.
Amicus Curiae A friend of court or member of the Bar who is appointed to assist the Court.
Animus possidendi Intention to possess.
Audi alteram partem Hear the other side.
Ad litem Referring to the case at law.
A fortiori For a stronger reason.
Alieni juris of another’s right. Of another’s right.
Autrefois acquit Previously acquitted.
Benami Nameless.
Bona fide In good faith, genuine.
Bona vacantia Property with no owner or which does not have an obvious owner and which usually passes to the crown.
Caveat A caution registered with the public court to indicate to the officials that they are not to act in the matter mentioned in the caveat without first giving notice to the caveator.
Caveat actor Let the doer beware.
Caveat emptor Let the buyer beware.
Caveat venditor Let the seller beware.
Cartiorari A writ by which orders passed by an inferior court is quashed.
Consensus ad idem Agreement as to the same thing (Meeting of the minds)
Corpus delicti The facts that constitute an offence.
Cy pres As nearly as may be practicable / possible.
Champerty Financial help given to a person starting a proceeding against a party, where the person giving help has a share in the damages to be recovered.
Corpus legis Body of laws.
Damnum sine injuria Damage without injury.
Defacto In fact. (As a matter of fact).
De jure “By law” (where the legal title is clear).
Dehors Outside, foreign to (French term).
De novo To make something anew.
Dies non Day on which no legal business is transacted. E.g. Bank holiday, National holiday.
Del credre agent Is a mercantile agent who in consideration of extra remuneration called a del credre commission undertakes to indemnify his principle against loss arising from the failure of persons with whom he enters a contract.
Delegatus non potest delegare Adelegate cannot further delegate.
Dictum Statement of law made by judge in the course of the decision but not necessary to the decision itself.
Dispono Convey legally.
Deminimis non curat lex The law not deal with trivial things.
Detinue Tort of wrongfully holding goods which belong to someone else.
Dictum Saying or statement made by a judge.
Denatio mortis causa Gift because of death.
Ejusdem generis Of the same kind or nature. Where there are general words following particular and specific words, the general words must be confined to things of the same kind as those specified.
Estoppel Prevented from denying.
Ex parte Proceedings in the absence of the other party.
Ex turpi causa non oritur actio No action arises from an illegal or immoral cause.
Exgratia As a favour.
Ex officio Because of an office held.
Expressio unius est exclusion alterius The mention that one thing is included implies that another thing is expressly excluded.
Fatum Beyond human foresight.
Fait accompli Things done and no longer worth arguing against; an accomplished act.
Factum probanda Fact in issue, which is to be proved.
Factum probans Relevant fact.
Ferae naturae Dangerous by nature; of a wild nature.
Force majeure Circumstance beyond one’s control, irresistible force or compulsion.
Functus officio No longer having power or jurisdiction.
Habeas corpus A wirt to have the body of a person to be brought in before the judge.
Ignorantia legis neminem excusat Ignorance of law is no excuse.
Injuria sine damno Injury without damage.
Interest reipublicae ut sit finis litium State or public interest requires that there should be a limit to litigation.
Ipso facto By the very nature of the case; by the mere fact.
In prompt In readiness.
In posse In a state of possibility.
In limine Initial stage; at the outset.
In lieu of Instead of.
Inter alia Among other things.
Inter se Among themselves.
In spece In kind.
Inter vivos Between living persons.
Intra vires Within the powers.
In personam A proceeding in which relief is sought against a specific person.
Id or idem The same thing or the same person.
In forma pauperis As a poor person.
Innuendo Spoken words which are defamatory because they have a double meaning.
In statu quo In the present state.
In terrorem In order to cause terror.
Intestate To die without making a Will.
Jus in personam Right against a specific person.
Jus in rem Right against the world at large.
Jus non scriptum Unwritten law; Customary Law.
Jus scriptum Written Law.
Jetsam Cargo which is thrown off a sinking ship.
Jurat Words at the end of an affidavit, showing the details of when and by whom it was sworn.
Jus Law or right.
Lex Mercatoria The law merchant. It is a body of legal principles founded on the customs of merchants in their dealings with each other, and though at first distinct from the common law, afterwards became incorporated into it.
Lex fori Law of the place where the cases been heard.
Lis A suit legal action.
Locus standi Right of a party to an action to appear and be heard by the court.
Laissez-faire Political theory where a government does nothing to control the.
Lex loci actus Law of the place where the act took place.
Mala fide In bad faith.
Mandamus We command. A writ of command issued by a Higher Court to Government / Public Authority, to compel the performance of a public duty.
Mens rea Guilty mind.
Mansuetae naturae Harmless or tame by nature.
Mesne profits The rents and profits which a trespasser has received / made during his occupation of primises, which are lost to the actual owner.
Misnomer A wrong or inaccurate name or term.
M’ Naghten Rules Rules which a judge applies in deciding if a person charged with a crime is insane.
Modus operandi Way of working.
Modus Vivendi Way of living.
Nemo dat quod non habet No one can give what he does not have.
Monfeasance Not doing something which should be done by law.
Novation Transaction in which a new contract is agreed by parties to replace an existing contract.
Obiter dictum A saying by the way. An incidental opinion expressed by a judge, which is not binding.
Onus Probandi Burden of proof.
Obiter dicta Things which are said in passing.
Pari passu On equal footing or proportionately.
Per se By itself; taken alone.
Prima facie At first sight; on the face of it.
Pro bono public For the public good.
Palimony Money which a court orders a man to pay regularly to a woman with whom he been living and from whom he has separated.
Per curiam By a court.
Per incuriam Because of lack of care.
Privity of contract Relationship between the parties to a contract make it valid.
Qui facit per alium facit per se He who acts through another is deemed to be acting by himself.
Quo Warranto By what authority. A writ calling upon one to show under what authority he holds or claims a public office.
Quid pro Quo Something for something (action done in return for something done).
Ratio decidendi Principle or reason underlying a court judgment.
Res judicata A decision once rendered by a cometent court on a matter in issue between the parties after a full enquiry should not be permitted to be agitated again
Res ipsa loquitur The thing speaks for itself.
Respondeat superior Let the principal be liable.
Res sub judice Matter in course of trial.
Res gestae Facts surrounding or relevant to a case and admissible as evidence.
Status quo State of things as they are now.
Sine qua non An indispensable condition; a thing which is absolutely essential.
Suo Motu On its own motion.
State decisis Precedent. Literally let the decision stand.
Sine die “With no day” (indefinitely).
Sans recours With no recourse.
Sub judice Under the law.
Uberrimae fide Of utmost good faith; of the fullest confidence.
Ubi jus ibi remedium Where there is a rights, there is a remedy.
Ultra vires Beyond the scope, power or authority.
Vis major Act of God; irresistible forces.
Volenti non fit injuria Damage suffered by consent gives no cause of action.
Veto Ban or order not to allow something to become law, even if it has been passed by a parliament.
Vice versa Reverse position.
Vexatious Annoying, done in order to annoy.
Waiver Voluntarily giving up or removing the conditions.



You can read more about English HERE

You can read more about Logical Reasoning HERE

You can read more of Current Affairs HERE

You can read more of Legal Reasoning HERE.

You can read more of General Knowledge HERE


CLATapult was founded by 7 alumni of NUJS in 2012. It boasts of some fantastic teachers from NUJS (Remember! CLAT Coaching by those who have been there and done that)  and, currently, has 2 centers in Kolkata and 1 in Bhubaneswar.

1 Response Comment

  • harshada bargalApril 20, 2017 at 3:08 am

    thank you so much


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