An analogy is drawn to compare two or more things.

The questions on analogy that you may face in CLAT will expect you to complete such a comparison.

You will be given two words with a relationship between them and a third word. You will have to determine which one of the options provided to you when paired with the third word will create a relationship similar to that existing between the first two words.

You may also be given one set of words and asked to find another set with a similar relationship between them. It may seem a little complicated in theory so let us try and understand this with the help of some examples.

Analogy

  1. Cow: Milk:: Hen: Egg

In the first set, there is a relationship between the words because a cow produces milk.

In the second set, there is a relationship between the words because a hen produces eggs. The common element of both sets is that they present the producer as the first word and the produce as the second word.

  1. SphygmomanometerBlood pressure:: Pedometer: Footsteps

In the first set, there is a relationship between the words because sphygmomanometer measures blood pressure.

In the second set, there is a relationship between the words because a pedometer measures footsteps. The common element of both sets is that they present the measuring device as the first word and the thing that is measured as the second word.

  1. New: Old:: Day: Night

In the first set, there is a relationship between the words because they are antonyms.

In the second set too, there is a relationship between the words because they are antonyms. The common element of both sets is that they contain antonyms.

Try solving these questions on your own.

Clock: Time:: Thermometer: ?

  1. Heat
  2. Mercury
  3. Alliteration
  4. Temperature

Fruit: Apple:: Mammal: ?

  1. Snake
  2. Fish
  3. Sparrow
  4. Blue Whale

Typhoid: Disease:: Sword: ?

  1. Spear
  2. Wound
  3. Weapon
  4. Gladiator

Skeleton: Body:: Grammar: ?

  1. Liver
  2. Meaning
  3. Language
  4. Rhythm

Fuchsia: Pink:: Caramine: ?

  1. Yellow
  2. Blue
  3. Purple
  4. Red

Radical: Moderate:: Revolution: ?

  1. Reformation
  2. Reduction
  3. Pain
  4. Hope

Fly: Spider:: Deer: ?

  1. Herbivore
  2. Animal
  3. Lion
  4. Grass

Bicycle: Pedal:: Boat: ?

  1. Oar
  2. Wind
  3. Water
  4. Tidal wave

Ink: Paper:: Chalk: ?

  1. Chair
  2. Blackboard
  3. Notebook
  4. Calcium

Pliable: Bend:: Fragile: ?

  1. Bones
  2. Stand
  3. Crack
  4. Write

Find the analogous pair of Employed: Jobless

  1. Angry: Furious
  2. Lively: Dull
  3. Money: Count
  4. Race: Win

Find the analogous pair of Rest: Weary

  1. Food: Hungry
  2. Touchdown: Penalty
  3. Random: Puzzle
  4. Author: Performer

Find the analogous pair of Sculptor: Statue

  1. Chisel: Stone
  2. Eye: Myopia
  3. Carbon: Diamond
  4. Architect: Building

Find the analogous pair of Microscope: Magnify

  1. Football: Boots
  2. Microphone: Loud
  3. Cellophane: Food
  4. Melt: Liquid

Find the analogous pair of West: North-East

  1. South: North-West
  2. East: West
  3. North: South
  4. East: South-East

Find the analogous pair of Press: Newspaper

  1. Lawn: Grass
  2. State: Legislator
  3. Mill: Cloth
  4. Water: Plant

Find the analogous pair of Creation: Destruction

  1. Construction: Manufacture
  2. Peace: Chaos
  3. Tiger: Forest
  4. Tree: Park

ANSWER KEY

  1. d) Temperature
  2. d) Blue whale
  3. c) Weapon
  4. c) Language
  5. d) Red
  6. a) Reformation
  7. c) Lion
  8. a) Oar
  9. b) Blackboard
  10. c) Crack
  11. b) Lively: Dull
  12. a) Food: Hungry
  13. d) Architect: Building
  14. b) Microphone: Loud
  15. a) South: North-West
  16. c) Mill: Cloth
  17. b) Peace: Chaos

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